India’s composite culture


Tara Chand Bhagat
If we turn the pages of very past history of ancient India, it is revealed that it has had its one of the centuries old and premitive civilizations based on traditional cultures, customs, various religions, faiths, different languages and dialects. All the religions such as the Hinduism, the Muslimism, the Jainism, the Buddhism, the Sikhism,and the Christainism flourished from time to time but the ‘Sanatan’ is considered to be the oldest one among all the religions and said to be the origin of all the religions. History also amply shows that traditional customs, religions, cultures remained intimately associated with various forms of animal life. The cow remained associated with the Hinduism religiously since the inception of Hindu civilization. Indian farmers had been and are animal-friendly even today.
Now I would like to mention one by one the main factors responsible for composite culture of our big country.
1)Its old civilisations-Indian Civilisations namely the Sindhu civilisation in the Northern India and the Dravardian Civilisation in Southern region are considered to be the oldest one among the various other civilisations of the world.
2) Its religions-If I talk about religions-like the Buddhism, the Jainism, the Sikhism, the Hinduism had spread on the various countries of the world. The pioneers of these religions like Bhagwan Buddha, Vardhaman Mahavir, Guru Nanak Dev, Swami Vivekananda visited so many countries like China, Indonesia, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Nepal, United States of America with other European countries and spread the philosophies of these religions. The religious holy books of the Hinduism like the Gita, the Ramayana, the Four Vedas – the Rig Veda, the Yajur Veda, the Saam Veda and the Athar Veda, the Upnishads, the Puranas, the Samritis were also preached by Swami Vivekananda. Guru Granth Sahib, the religious book of Sikhism is a composition of the Vanis of various Saints/Gurus like Sadhguru Kabir, Guru Ravi Dass, Baba Farid, Guru Nanak Dev and so on, who were among the prominent pioneers of the Bhakti Movement and preached their philosophies.
3) Education-History bears a testimony that past of our country has had a glorious significance in the field of education. The Nalanda University had been a big centre of education where not only Indians received education but the students of the foreign countries also used to visit Nalanda University to receive education.
4) Golden Period-During the period of Maharaja Ashoka, Chandra Gupta Mauraya etc., India made greater progress in the field of trade and commerce with the extension of its territorial borders upto Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq by developing its ties with these countries. The people used to lead prosperous lives and enjoyed ease of living thus the period of their reign is said to be the golden period of country.
5) Agriculture- Indian farmers had been the backbone of our nation’s economy since immemorial period of the past. Indian economy had been primarily agricultural based even today our country is one of the top countries in Cultivation and farming. Nowadays India is the largest producer of wheat, rice, pulses, spices, and has more scope for growth in agricultural sector. Undoubtedly, Indian farmers had been most marginal and small farmers; despite their own contribution Indian farmers provide employment opportunities, give great boost towards enhancing country’s GDP. Unfortunately Indian farmers have to remain dependent on natural good rainfall during Monsoons, good yields, and also good prices of their produce. Keeping in view for and against factors the farmers need to be made aware of the modern technology i.e., techniques of agricultural alternatives, using better water management practice such as drip irrigation, rain water harvesting system to be encouraged, crop diversification to be followed, the practice of organic farming and refrain from use of pesticides and insecticides. The farmers also to be encouraged rearing of milch animals like cows, buffaloes, goats besides income-oriented activities like horticulture, medicinal plants to be grown by them to be supplemented to their income. Modi Govt. is trying its level best to double their income by way of rendering succour initiating valuable schemes like Fasal Bima Yojna, incentives in the shape of installments at the rate of Rs 2,000 to each of the farmers to promote their moral boost. Crores of farmers have been benefitted by these schemes.
6) Dress codes-The various kinds of dress codes had been associated with the Indian culture differently worn by the people to show their identity and recognition as a race. Phirans, very warm thick clothes with caps, Churidar Payjamas with turbans, Alachas with Kameez, white kurta with Dhotis, Ghagras and sarees show their traditional dresses of the Kashmiris, the Ladakhis, the Dogras, the Punjabis, the South Indians, and the Rajasthanis respectively.
7) Dances and Musics- Like other things several types of dances and musics of their traditional cultures have also played key role in the field of amusement and have remained greater sources of enjoyment. Most of the devotees adopted music as the nearest source with a view to Unison with the Almighty. Meera Bai, Tansen, Tulsidas are some of the living embodiments of their times.
8) Languages and Dialects-Different languages and dialects continued to be spoken by the people of different regions got affected, not only the cultures of interstates but also played greater role in the establishment of relationship and strong links with other countries in terms of trade and commerce. Thus, languages made instrumental to be inter-linked as well as to be inter-mingled with other languages of the countries of world, which ruled over our country during the period of 18th and 19th centuries even before that i.e. 11th to 14th centuries.
Conclusively, post-Independence, Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel undertook a herculian task and got India United with over 600 princely kingdoms and Rajwadas into one powerful country, now a Union of 28 states and 9 union Territories declaring constitutionally a Sovereign Secular Democratic Republic, presently being ruled by the NDA under Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who has attained world-fame prominence in terms of doing exceptional achievements like observing 21st of June as a Yoga Day internationally alongwith launching distribution of Covisheel, COVID vaccine w.e.f January 16, 2021 amongst the over 100 countries across the globe affected with COVID-19 pandemic. It shows that Indians consider the whole world to be one family as otherwise we say Vasudev Katumbkam. Besides 5 crores people, have been administered the doses of Covisheel and COVID vaccine till date.