Stress, mostly caused by physical and emotional strain, is very common these days. Symptoms of common stress comprise of irritability, strain, incapability to deliberate and variety of others including fast heartbeat and headache. Stress is a condition or feeling experienced when a person perceives that ‘demands exceed the personal and social resources the individual is able to mobilise.’ In short, it’s what we feel when we think we’ve lost control of events. A stressor can be either negative or positive based on how a person responds. At some point stress or pressure serves as a help, though someone else may distinguish it as a requirement. Positive stress is referred to as estruses and negative pressure as distress. Sometimes distress affects mental wellbeing and physically of an individual or person. Estruses trigger body and brain to perform innovatively. Some problems are eating disorder, insomnia, suicidal tendencies and heart problems. Stress is unavoidable, when enormous quantity of work is predictable beyond the limits of the worker and the work must be performed keeping in view the set deadlines. So this article is focusing on stress level among housewives and working women.In the present time, higher education facilitated women’s entrance into profitable employment and some areas of world’s important variations have occurred with women in position. As we know that women are doing both responsibilities easily since evolution, means a women can play best role as a good housewife, mother and as a working woman. Women can make her children’s healthy, responsible citizens and happy. Still women have been likely to perform ideal role of both mother and perfect wife, and this means all woman putting families first by their own needs. As a housewife, woman is a source of comfort and inspiration to her husband and as a working woman she engages herself in office work. As a successful motherhood, a housewife raises her child. After all this, she is also a human being and needs deserved love, relax, position, affection and respect in family. Indian constitution provides the equality to men and women and also gives special safety to women with Government regulation and rules to realise their safety effectively. Law also gives equal rights to women in matter of adoption equal pay, maternity benefits, good working environment and in family property also but still woman is being discriminated.Housewives major duties are caring and educating her children, managing family, buying goods, cooking, maintaining and cleaning homes etc. It is ironical that a woman employed within home, is referred to as a housewife and outside the home she is referred as a working women. In both cases, the woman is working but how woman is referred to, is based on working place. With globalisation and improvement in education, literacy rate is increasing among women, which has resulted in many women going for employment. In India, with number of women increasingly taking on jobs, the concept and mindset of the man being ‘head of the family’ is now changing. Working outside and within home are two phases of a woman’s life. Balancing work and family life has become a most important issue for women. Dealing with family problems as well as official work problems has resulted in women dealing with rising the amount of stress.The stress level among women (both working women and housewives) and financial condition of their family have a relationship. Stress is a part of human life; sometimes it can motivate us and help us to become more productive but too much stress is harmful. It can create tension, anxiety, fatigue and burnout. In order to avoid stress from negatively impacting our lives, we need to increase knowledge about stress besides using stress management techniques. The study offers insights to working women and housewives to understand the determinants of stress. It will also help organisations and spouses in effective management of women’s dual role at work and personal life.
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