Importance of farmers in India

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Muzamil Arif
Farmers are simply called as the ‘Backbone of India’. They are the most useful people as they provide food. They never stop their work even furing heavy rains and sunny days. Farmers work hard the whole day. People from all the religions like Hindu, Christian, Islam and Sikh live in India and are engaged in various occupations, but agriculture is the main occupation. Indian Farmer has the ability to survive with the various seasons, climate change, soil conditions and often harsh destruction of wildfires, droughts and floods.
Now people eating fresh fruits and vegetables because of them, everyone should respect farmers. IN simple words, farmers are the ‘backbone’ and ‘heart’of the nation. Farmers sow seeds then cultivate crops and supply food-grains to the people. Agriculture is an important part of every country, as they are also one of the major contribution to economic growth. The government should concern for our agriculture heroes. People should give more support and respect to the farmers but the government couldn’t help them. Be it the smallest or the largest country, because of farmers only we are surviving on the planet. Thus Farmers are the most important people in the world. Though, farmers have so much importance still they do not have proper
living.
Farmers have great importance in our society. They are the ones who provide us food. Since every person needs proper food for their living, so they are a necessity for the society.
There are different types of farmers, and they all have equal significance. First are the farmers who grow a crop like wheat, barley, rice, etc. Since the maximum intake in Indian households is of wheat and rice. Farmers who grow these crops are of prime importance. Second, are the ones who cultivate fruits.
These farmers have to prepare soil specially for different types of fruits. Because these fruits grow according to the season. Therefore the farmers need to have a great knowledge of fruits and crops. There are many other farmers who grow crops of other types. Furthermore, they all have to work hard to get maximum harvesting.
In addition to above, the farmers contribute almost 18 per cent the Indian economy. That is the maximum of all. But still, a farmer is deprived of every luxury of society.
(1).Farming is a remarkable part of the economy in India, as it adds about 18 per cent of the absolute GDP. It gives employment to over 60 per cent of the population.
(2). Farmers are an important part of the existence of our various societies because they provide food and fiber, which gives us nutrition and cloth.
(3).Farming is an industry that relies on the natural environment.
(4).Cultivation practices often provide natural biologically active filter mechanisms for water as well as soil vegetation stabilisation.
(5). Indian Farmer and farming communities provide an excellent environment to raise relations
(6).They offer opportunities for young and old alike to gain experiences in basic lifelong values, an appreciation for success, as well as the sorrow of life’s most challenging occurrences.
(7).Farmers are the driving force of the economy. That’s why; a major sum of our population is directly or indirectly involved in farming. Furthermore, every citizen of the country is dependent on the agriculture products produced by them.
(8).Agriculture plays a vital role in the Indian economy. Over 70 per cent of the rural households depend on agriculture. Agriculture is an important sector of Indian economy as it contributes about 18 per cent to the total GDP and provides employment to over 60 per cent of the population.
Various reasons such as monsoon failure, climate change, high-debt burdens, Government policies, mental health, climate changes, interstate water disputes, water crisis, lack of awareness, lack of direct integration with market, distressed due to loans, Costs of Agricultural equipment, cost of chemicals and seeds, personal issues and family problems are among the reasons for farmers’ suicides in India
The list includes farmers-cultivators and agricultural labourers. Seven states account for 87.5 per cent of total suicides in the farming sector in the country including Maharashtra, Karnataka, Telangana, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. Maharashtra is the worst affected state. Ironically, Punjab, which benefited most from the Green Revolution, also presents a depressing picture of farmer’s suicides in India. Between 1995-2015, 4,687 farmers’ suicides have been reported from Punjab of which 1334 from one Mansa district alone.

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