Conversion of LoC into International Border

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Omkar Dattatray
India and Pakistan is at loggerheads with each other as the two neighbors have fought three wars in the past besides the kargil incursion. The Pakistan has thrust these wars on peaceful India and in these wars Pakistan had been defeated. Since Pakistan cannot fight India in conventional war and hence is fighting a proxy war with India and training, funding and exporting terrorists to India. Pakistan is engaging India in the proxy war and is bleeding India. It has remained the state policy of Pakistan to wound India by a thousand cuts. Pakistan is at proxy war with India for the last over three decades and before that Pakistan had thrust three full-fledged wars on India and Kargil misadventure. India had always defeated Pakistan in the three wars in the paste and Pakistan had been defeated in the Kargil incursion as well. She had been made to pay a heavy price for these wars. Thus there is enormous loss of life and property not only to India but to Pakistan as well. Both the neighboring countries have suffered greatly in these wars and in the proxy war inflicted by Pakistan. The defence budgets of India and Pakistan have been increasing year after year due to the enmity and acrimony between India and Pakistan. The money which should have been invested on the development in both the countries has been spend on unproductive arms and ammunition and increase in the number of the armies in India and Pakistan and the result is that India and Pakistan have remained poor countries as their per capita income and the gross domestic product is low as compared to other countries. The issue of Kashmir has been the bone of discord and contention between the two neighbors. The problem of Kashmir is a festering wound and it has become canker due to the hostile atmosphere between the two Asian neighbours. There is urgent need to address this issue and resolve it to the satisfaction of the parties. The two countries are paying a heavy price due to the hostility of last over seventy five years. The war is not the answer to the resolution of the Kashmir conflict. Kashmir is the crown to India and for Pakistan Kashmir is the very breath and the life and death question and thus the two countries are unlikely to give an inch of the land under their occupation to the other .Thus neither India nor Pakistan will secede an inch of the land to the other and thus the Kashmir has remained a dispute between the two nations and it has cost us enormously and there is great need to address the issue of Kashmir rather than be at war terms with each other. The Kashmir issue is a very sensitive and complex one between India and Pakistan and cannot be solved with military means and so all earnest efforts should be made by the parties to the dispute to find an amicable solution to this ticklish issue. The Kashmir is a bilateral issue between India and Pakistan and there is no role for the third part intervention and the matter should be resolved bilaterally. It has remained consistent position of India that the Kashmir issue should be resolved in accordance with the Simla agreement and the Lahore declarations and the third party intervention has no role in the resolution of the Kashmir problem. India maintains that the whole of Jammu and Kashmir is the integral and inalienable part of India. India is bound by the parliament resolution which says that if anything is negotiable it is Pak occupied Kashmir and so Pakistan has to vacate its illegal occupation of Kashmir. For Pakistan, Kashmir is the unfinished agenda of partition and thus Pakistan is unlikely to ceded an inch of land of Kashmir to India. Thus both India and Pakistan should shun their rigid stands and think and act pragmatically and practically for the resolution of the problem of Kashmir. Thus the only viable, practical and pragmatic solution of the ticklish issue of Kashmir is that the line of control should be converted into international boarder and the line of control be recognized as the international border. If this is done, it will be a win-win solution for both the countries as there will be no losers and gainers in this solution of the Kashmir problem. Thus there is great need to accept and recognize the line of control as the international border and in this solution of the Kashmir issue none of the parties will have to part with an inch of the land under their occupation and thus it will be a scientific and practical solution of the Kashmir issue. In this way the Kashmir problem which is the bone of contention between India and Pakistan will be solved for all times to come. The National Conference President and the Member of Parliament as well as the former Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir Dr Farooq Abdullah is advocating the conversion of the line of control into international border to settle the issue of Kashmir once for all. According to him it is the only viable and practical solution of the Kashmir problem as in the conversion of the line of control into permanent international boarder there are no losers and gainers. The conversion of the line of control into international border will satisfy the urges and aspirations of both the countries and none of the countries will feel the superiority or inferiority complex and therefore this is the only viable and practical solution of the festering problem of Kashmir. The governments of both the countries should concentrate and work towards this solution of the problem so that a practical solution is found out to settle the sensitive issue to the satisfaction of the parties concerned. Both India and Pakistan should shun their rigid stands and should think and work practically and recognize and accept the line of control as the international border. It follows that the line of control should be converted into the international border to resolve this complex issue once for all. Since both the nations are atomic powers and possess nuclear weapons and therefore the war is not the answers to the complex issue of Kashmir. After all the all wars are fought for peace and therefore war is no solution to the Kashmir problem. Thus there is great need to find a solution of the vexed issue of Kashmir which will satisfy the parties concerned and the conversion of the line of control into international border is the practical and viable solution of the Kashmir problem and towards this solution both the governments should sincerely work if they want an end to their acrimony and enmity of the last seventy five years. In brief the line of control should be recognized as the international border and the conversion of the line of control into international border is the only practical solution of the Kashmir problem. This is no gain no loss solution in fact and hence should be acceptable to the parties concerned.
(The author is a retired Education
Officer and Columnist).