Career options for Science students


Vijay Garg

In order to help young students to make an informed career decision, there are a lot of options, students can choose after class 12.
It has been seen that more than 20 lakh students appear for their 10+2 examination each year all over India and of these, just over 25 per cent get the chance to go for higher studies. And their choices have been uniform from time long-established.
The best is to go for MBBS. The next best is IITs for B.Tech. Others move into engineering from different other private colleges. And the rest would do BA/BSc/BCom, unless one is talking about St Stephen’s in Delhi, where the best of the best try to enter.
However, there are many more options one can choose, besides the primitive ones. For example, a creative student can go for design, fine arts or visual communication. If he/she is good with numbers, he/she can explore Chartered Accountancy. If you aspire to be a top chef, you have hotel management. Allied medical sciences such as physiotherapy, have a high demand in healthcare sector. Even a field like forensic sciences, needs skilled professionals.
So if you did not make to the list for Medicine, there is nothing to worry.
Engineering: From construction of roads and buildings to automobiles and telecommunications, engineers are requisite in almost every area of human endeavour one can think of. It should come as no surprise to anyone that the only Indian education brand recognised worldwide, namely the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), belongs to engineering. Engineering students and engineers seem to wield disproportionate influence in several areas of higher education and industry. Even prestigious Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs) have 80 per cent of their seats grabbed by engineering graduates.
Medicine: White coats flailing, stethoscope in hand, the speeding figure that bestows health and has the power to cure has always been the fantasy profession for many. Being a doctor is still a dream come true for millions of students but only about 30,122 students get admissions each year. While State colleges are usually large, admitting 150-200 students a year, barring a few private colleges, most central and trust funded colleges like AIIMS, CMC and JIPMER offer about 50-75 seats in each college, and the competition to get into one of these top colleges is extreme.
Pharmacy: The pharma industry in India is nearly a hundred years old. Today, the Indian market covers over 25,000 manufacturing units and according to government statistics one-fifth of them makes bulk drugs. Candidates who possess 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, Maths/Biology (PCM/PCB) are admitted to the 4-year Bachelor’s programme (Bachelor of Pharmacy or B Pharm). The pharmacy degrees offered in India include 4-year B Pharm, Diploma in Pharmacy (D Pharm, 2 years’ duration) and Master’s in Pharmacy (M Pharm).
Allied Medical: Whenever you visit a doctor for any disease or ailment, you are led to a lab and tests are done. So, who does this necessary task for you? Doctors? No, they are the paramedical professionals.
Optometry, Radiography, Lab Technology, Physiotherapy, Occupational Therapy and Rehabilitation are some of the prominent disciplines in allied sciences.
Geology: Geology is the study of earth and everything related to its structure, processes including study of organisms inhabited on earth. Interest and study in this field may get you chance to work with environmental consultant companies, non-profit organisation, natural resources consultant and companies, Universities and Government agencies and Geological survey of India.
Biotech: Biotechnology is a set of influential tools that employ living organisms (or parts of organisms) to make or modify products, or develop microorganisms for specific uses. A BSc degree is the admission point to the discipline and is offered in most good universities. Entrance exams are held for admissions to all top colleges and universities. The main topics for the entrance exams at the undergraduate level include the basic topics of Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics and Biology: It should be noted that two main sources of employment are medical biotechnology and agricultural biotechnology.


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